The city of Troy is most well-known from Homer’s “Iliad,” describing the Trojan Wars and the siege of the city. The ruins of this Bronze Age metropolis were rediscovered in 1822 and subsequently plundered by treasure hunters over the next century. The site is currently undergoing restoration but is still open to the public, with nine layers that show the death and rebirth of this city over two centuries. Major attractions in the ruins include a temple, a library and a school. The city of Troy also features a wooden Trojan Horse, built in recent years to amuse tourists who can climb inside to have their pictures taken.
The ruins of Assos are 55 miles south of the city of Çanakkale and date back to the seventh century B.C.E. Aristotle lived in Assos for three years and founded a school there. The ruins sit near the quiet fishing town of Behramkale, and feature an Athenian temple, an acropolis and much of the orignial protective walls surrounding the city. Many tourists visit Assos as part of a day tour, but visitors who stay into the evening will be rewarded with stunning sunset views of the Aegean, Lesbos and the Bay of Edremit.
Gallipoli is the World War I battleground of the British and ANZAC (Australian New Zealand Army Corps) invasion that was repelled under the lead of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who later went on to found the modern Turkish Republic. So many bullets flew during the eight-month battle that they still lay scattered on the ground between trenches for tourists to find. More than 100,000 troops from both sides died in the invasion, and Gallipoli is currently the site of many cemeteries and war memorials. Turkish, Australian and New Zealand tourists flood Gallipoli around April 25 to celebrate ANZAC Day; the area is of deep emotional significance to Turkish people